Path: Top -> Journal -> Telkomnika -> 2020 -> Vol 18, No 5, October

Hidden Markov model technique for dynamic spectrum access

Journal from gdlhub / 2021-01-27 09:03:54
Oleh : Jayant P Pawar, Prashant V. Ingole, Telkomnika
Dibuat : 2021-01-27, dengan 1 file

Keyword : Baum-Welch algorithm; cognitive radio network; dynamic spectrum access; hidden Markov process; Markov chain;
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Sumber pengambilan dokumen : web

Dynamic spectrum access is a paradigm used to access the spectrum dynamically. A hidden Markov model (HMM) is one in which you observe a sequence of emissions, but do not know the sequence of states the model went through to generate the emissions. Analysis of hidden Markov models seeks to recover the sequence of states from the observed data. In this paper, we estimate the occupancy state of channels using hidden Markov process. Using Viterbi algorithm, we generate the most likely states and compare it with the channel states. We generated two HMMs, one slowly changing and another more dynamic and compare their performance. Using the Baum-Welch algorithm and maximum likelihood algorithm we calculated the estimated transition and emission matrix, and then we compare the estimated states prediction performance of both the methods using stationary distribution of average estimated transition matrix calculated by both the methods.

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